Dry Eye

If you have dry eye, you may have eyes that often itch. This happens when your tears do not keep the surface of the eye properly lubricated. The tears may be too few, or they may be of poor quality for lubrication. Sometimes it is caused by an underlying condition in the patient, but often it's caused by things like dry air or aging. If you think you may have dry eye, contact our optometrist at Greenwich Eye Care in Old Greenwich, CT.


The Symptoms of Dry Eye

If you have dry eye, you may have eyes that burn, sting, or itch. You may also have more sensitivity to light as well as a stringy mucus that is found in your eyes or around them. Your eyes may be red, and it feels like something is in your eyes. It is difficult to wear contact lenses with dry eye, and you may have a difficult time driving at night. Your vision will likely become blurred and your eyes will feel fatigued. When your eyes are dry, your body will naturally respond with more tears, causing watery eyes.

The Causes of Dry Eye

Many things can cause dry eye. There are three layers to the tear film that sits on your eyes. It has a layer of mucus, aqueous fluid, and fatty oils. These three layers keep the eyes' surface smooth, well-lubricated, and clear. However, if there is a problem with any of these layers, dry eye can result.

Dysfunction of the tear film can be caused by inflamed eyelid glands, hormonal changes, allergic eye disease, or autoimmune diseases. It can also be caused by increased tear evaporation and a decreased production of tears. In some patients, it is caused by being in excessively dry air, having laser surgery, blinking too rarely, using contacts, or using computer screens for prolonged periods.

No matter how the tear film of the eye is changed or damaged, it is the lack of lubrication that causes dry eye. Without enough eye lubrication, the eye becomes irritated and inflamed, and it can damage the surface of the eye.

Dry Eye Treatment in Old Greenwich, CT

If you live in Old Greenwich or the surrounding community, contact our optometrist, Dr. Lazar, at Greenwich Eye Care. She will provide a comprehensive eye exam, accurately diagnose your dry eye condition, and develop a treatment plan designed to help your eyes to feel and function better. Call us today at (203) 698-5049 to learn more.

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